Multivariate statistical approach and water quality assessment of natural springs and other drinking water sources in Southeastern Nigeria

چکیده مقاله :
This baseline study investigated the physico-chemical and trace elements (including potentially toxic elements, PTEs) contents of ground and surface water sources used for domestic purposes in some districts within the shale bedrock terrain of Southeastern Nigeria. A total of 124 water samples from 13 natural springs, 24 streams, 80 boreholes and 7 hand-dug wells were collected from rural and urban areas and analysed by ICP-OES, GF-AAS and CV-AFS for 21 elements. The distribution pattern, sources of contamination, health risk of potentially toxic elements (PTEs), together with water quality index were investigated. The results were compared with national and international guidelines for drinking water. Al and Fe were implicated as the dominant pollutants in the water bodies. Water quality index (WQI) indicated that all the water sources had either excellent or good water quality (WQ) with the exception of a borehole, which had poor WQ. Different multivariate statistical approaches applied to evaluate the origins of the elements in the water bodies identified six source types that accounted for 70.88% of the total variance. Anthropogenic activities were considered to contribute much of Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr, Li and P, while Al, As, Co, Fe, Se, Ni, Y and V were likely from crustal materials, minerals and ores, and natural environments. Both anthropogenic and natural sources accounted for the Hg, Mn and Zn. Cluster analysis (CA) was adopted to classify 124 sample points into two groups of water pollution, reflecting influences from crustal materials and anthropogenic sources. From th

توضیحات تکمیلی :

مقاله ISI انگلیسی اصلی
سال انتشار:2019
فایل ISI انگلیسی اصلی ، با فرمت Pdf
تعداد صفحات فایل ISI انگلیسی اصلی: 36 صفحه

نویسندگان/توضیحات : مقاله ISI سال انتشار2019 \ Innocent C. Nnorom, Ugochukwu Ewuzie ∗, Sunday O. Eze
تاریخ ارسال : 1397/11/25
تعداد بازدید : 128
کلمات کلیدی : Geology, Hydrology, Environmental science, Natural hazard, Geochemistry
تعداد صفحات : 36
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